DIY Chicken Coop - Step by Step Instructions

Here is a general outline of the steps involved in building a basic chicken coop, but keep in mind that the exact process may vary depending on the design and materials you choose.


  • Lumber (2x4s, 2x2s, etc.)
  • Plywood or OSB
  • Galvanized screws and nails
  • Chicken wire or hardware cloth
  • Roofing material (corrugated metal, asphalt shingles, etc.)
  • Hinges and latches for the door
  • Nesting boxes (optional)


  • Circular saw or hand saw
  • Drill and bits
  • Hammer
  • Level
  • Measuring tape
  • Pencil
  • Safety glasses and work gloves

Step 1: Design your coop.

Before you start building, you'll need to have a plan in place. Consider factors such as the number of chickens you plan to keep, the size of your yard, and your budget. Sketch out a rough plan on paper, including the dimensions of your coop and any features such as windows, nesting boxes, and ventilation.

Step 2: Gather your materials and tools.

Once you have a plan in place, gather all the necessary materials and tools. You may need to purchase lumber, hardware, and roofing material from a hardware store or lumber yard. Make sure you have all the necessary tools on hand before you begin.

Step 3: Build the frame.

Start by building the frame of your coop using 2x4 lumber. Cut the pieces to size using a circular saw or hand saw, and then use galvanized screws or nails to attach them together. Make sure the frame is square and level before proceeding.

Step 4: Add walls and a roof.

Next, add walls and a roof to your coop. Use plywood or OSB for the walls, and either corrugated metal or asphalt shingles for the roof. Cut the materials to size, and then attach them to the frame using screws or nails. Make sure to leave space for any windows or ventilation openings.

Step 5: Add chicken wire or hardware cloth.

Once the walls and roof are in place, it's time to add chicken wire or hardware cloth to the openings. This will keep your chickens safe from predators while still allowing for ventilation. Cut the wire or cloth to size, and then attach it to the frame using staples or small nails.

Step 6: Install the door.

Install a door on your coop using hinges and a latch. Make sure the door is large enough for you to easily enter and exit, and that it can be securely closed to keep your chickens safe at night.

Step 7: Add nesting boxes (optional).

If you plan to keep hens for egg production, you may want to add nesting boxes to your coop. These can be built from scrap lumber or purchased pre-made. Position them inside the coop, and fill them with straw or other nesting material.

Step 8: Add finishing touches.

Finally, add any finishing touches to your coop such as paint, trim, or decorative elements. You may also want to add a roosting bar inside the coop for your chickens to perch on at night.

Building your own chicken coop can be a fun and rewarding DIY project, and can save you money compared to purchasing a pre-made coop. With some basic materials and tools, you can create a safe and comfortable home for your feathered friends. Just remember to have fun with the process!

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